DMF Application Programming Interface (API)

This page describes how to use the DMF when you create and save your models. For information on performing some DMF functions from the command-line, see DMF Command-line Interface. All the modules referenced here are in the idaes.core.dmf subpackage.


You can create a new dmfbase.DMF instance quite simply:

from idaes.core.dmf import DMF
dmf = DMF()  # new DMF instance

When initialized this way, the DMF will use the configuration it finds in a file called .dmf in the user’s home directory. You can specify another configuration to use. The configuration of the DMF specifies where the workspace is located, which can be retrieved through the attribute workspace_path.

Adding data

The data in the DMF is broken down into “resources”. When adding data to the DMF with the Python API, you create resources and add them to the DMF instance. A resource describes one dataset, and contains:

  • metadata about the creator, creation and modification time, version, names, and description

  • provenance about the sources of the information

  • data, as a references to files, embedded structured (JSON) data, or both

  • codes, as references to code file locations or module paths, and optionally specific sections of that file or module

  • relations, i.e. labeled connections to and from other resources. The following

To add a dataset, you first create a “resource”, which is an instance of resource.Resource (in module resource). This class provides some convenience methods for manipulating the underlying structure of the resource, which is contained in a Python dictionary (in an attribute called v, for “values”) and described, using JSON Schema syntax. The schema is contained in the module variable resource.RESOURCE_SCHEMA. An example of creating a new Resource object:

from idaes.core.dmf.resource import Resource

r = Resource()
r.v["version_info"]["version"] = test_version
r.v["collaborators"] = [
    {"name": "Clark Kent", "email": ""},
    {"name": "Superman", "email": ""},
        "isbn": "978-0201616224",
        "source": 'Hunt, A. and Thomas, D., "The Pragmatic Programmer", '
        "Addison-Wesley, 1999",
        "date": "1999-01-01",
        "type": "function",
        "name": "test_resource_full",
        "desc": "The test function",
        "location": "",
        "version": test_version,
r.v["datafiles"].append({"path": "/etc/passwd"})
r.v["aliases"] = ["test_resource_full"]
r.v["tags"] = ["test", "resource"] = {"arbitrary": {"values": [1, 2, 3]}}
return r

You can also create a resource that describes a file by using the resource.Resource.from_file() method. This will fill in the datafiles section of the resource object.

Once you have the resource object populated, you can add it to the DMF instance (and, thus, its workspace) with the dmfbase.DMF.add() method:

from idaes.core.dmf import DMF
from idaes.core.dmf.resource import Resource

r = Resource()
# ... create resource ...
dmf = DMF()

You can create a resource and add it to the DMF in a single step with the method:

from idaes.core.dmf import DMF

dmf = DMF()
r ="/path/to/breaking_news.doc",
            author={"name": "Clark Kent", "email": ""})

Once a resource is added to a DMF instance, you can still modify its content, but you need to call dmfbase.DMF.update() to synchronize those changes with the stored values. This is necessary for adding relations between two resources, which you simply cannot do until both of them are created. But it can also be used to do things like add a description:

from idaes.core.dmf import DMF

dmf = DMF()
# create and add resource
r ="/path/to/breaking_news.doc")
# add a description to the resource
r.v["description"] = get_description()
# sync the description to the stored value

Adding relations

One of the main functions of the DMF is to track the relationships, or relations, between its resources. In the lingo of graphs of objects, and in particular the Resource Description Framework (RDF) that is used as the foundation for many provenance systems, these relations are directed edges between objects, labeled by “predicates”. In this terminology, the resource from which the directed edge starts is called the “subject” of the relation, and the resource from which the directed edge ends is the “object”. The DMF defines the following predicates (associated module string constants are shown in parentheses):

  • (resource.PR_DERIVED) derived: object is derived from subject

  • (resource.PR_CONTAINS) contains: object contains the subject

  • (resource.PR_USES) uses: object uses the subject

  • (resource.PR_VERSION) version: object is a (new) version of the subject

Adding a relation between two resources is pretty straightforward. You create both resources and add them to the DMF, then create a “triple” to describe the connection between them (with the “predicate” that labels that connection), with the resource.create_relation() function. Then you call the dmfbase.DMF.update() function on the DMF instance to save the relation:

from idaes.core.dmf import DMF
from idaes.core.dmf.resource import Triple, PR_DERIVED
from idaes.core.dmf.resource import create_relation_args

dmf = DMF()
# create and add resources
r1 ="/path/to/breaking_news.doc")
r2 ="/path/to/interview_notes.txt")
# create relation (news --was derived from--> notes)
create_relation(r1, PR_DERIVED, r2)
# sync the relation to the DMF